Charging time has become a very important part of electric vehicles, and depending on what charger you are using and what car you have, this time can vary greatly. Like most electric cars, the Ford Lightning’s charge speed really depends on how you charge it, but on average, charging the electric pickup truck will take around 10 hours.
So, how long does it take to charge a Ford F-150 Lightning? The average charge time at home on a 220-volt system for a Ford F150 Lightning is 10 hours. There are several options when it comes to charging and the time it takes ranges from 3-5 days to 40 minutes. With just a 120 volt outlet it will take around 76-80 hours but with a DC fast charger, it can be at 80% in just 40 minutes.
Generally, experts say that quickly charging an electric vehicle can decrease battery life but can get you on the road a lot quicker, while a slow charge will extend battery life but it does tend to take more time. Luckily, as stated before, there are lots of options when it comes to charging a Ford Lightning, and with an average time of 10 hours, and a protected battery, the Ford Lightning can be used as a daily vehicle for a long time.
There are also some in-between choices that can be installed in your home to average your charging to the 10-hour mark. There really is not a right and wrong choice when it comes to choosing how to charge an electric vehicle but there are pros and cons to each and every way.
How Long Does It Take To Charge With A 120v Extension Cord
Ford’s standard package for the Lightning comes with a 32 amp mobile charger that allows you to connect to a standard 120v outlet. This is one of the slowest ways to charge the Ford Lightning because of its low power output. By connecting to one of these chargers you can expect the standard truck (230-mile range) to go from 15% to 100% in 76-80 hours, while the extended range truck (300-mile range) will be about 100 to 107 hours when going from 15% to 100%.
Ford, as well as others, recommend installing a better charger to get more efficient charging times. A better charger, the Ford charge station pro, also comes free with the extended range version of the truck to cut out slow charging. The only reason to not invest in a better charger would be if it was impractical for your situation. Such as if you lived in an apartment and couldn’t install one, you didn’t want to pay for the charger, or even if you don’t plan to drive the Lightning every day.
Otherwise, a smart investment would be to buy one of the better charging units that ford offers to make charging a much quicker task. Although it is possible to completely charge and drive the truck while only using a 120v outlet, it will take a lot of time on the charger and not a lot of time on the streets.
How Long Does It Take To Charge With A DC Fast Charger
When charging the Ford Lightning, or most electric cars, a DC fast charger is generally the quickest way to charge the car. With the Ford Lightning, you can go from 15% to 80% in less than an hour. With the standard edition, it would take around 44 minutes, while the extended-range version of the truck would only take 41 minutes to go from 15% to 80%.
Sadly, a level 3 DC charger cannot be installed at your home as it uses a 440 volt DC power supply, making it unsafe in most residential homes. Still, you may be able to find one of these chargers if you need a quick charge throughout the day, and can be very helpful for this reason.
These charging stations can be found by using different apps or websites, Ford also has one on their website, so you can make sure to plug in your Ford Lightning whenever it needs a powerup. Ford also gives you some other options that can be installed in your home. The fastest currently being the 80-amp Ford charge station pro which is capable of charging your standard Ford Lightning in 10 hours and your extended range in 8 hours.
The 80-amp Ford charge station pro also comes free if you purchase the extended-range version of the truck and can be bought separately if you buy the standard version. It is also wise to not always use DC fast chargers, as some experts say that constantly charging an electric vehicle with a fast charger can damage the battery in the long run. So although it is the quickest, it is probably best to switch your charging preference up to protect the car and the battery.
Why Does It Take So Much Longer To Charge To 100% Vs 80%
In any device that uses lithium-ion batteries, charging to 100% can take a lot longer than charging to 80%. This is because lithium-ion batteries’ charging speeds decrease rapidly once it reaches around that 80% mark. Lithium-ion batteries have a charging procedure where there is a constant current until about 80% and then there is a constant voltage from 80% to 100%. Having a constant voltage is defined as having less of a potential difference between the resting battery voltage and a charging voltage which will make it slower. This is why fast chargers no longer become useful after the vehicle reaches an 80% charge. Because of this, EV manufacturers will tell you the time that it takes to reach 80% and not 100% when using a fast charger.
EV owners are also told not to keep their cars charged at 100% as it can decrease the life of the battery. With Lithium-ion batteries, you want to keep them charged around 60% to 80% of their maximum charge as this is where the electrons and ions are generally balanced and can increase the lifetime usage of the battery. Companies also warn to not go into deep discharge, meaning that they want you to try and stay above 20%, as going below this can also damage the battery if done constantly. Charging to 100% or going below 20% a handful of times will not dramatically damage the battery, but if done constantly can significantly decrease the amount of time the battery will last.
Buffers are generally built into the batteries to prevent this damage but charging it to 100% and continuing to charge it to its limit will shorten the lifespan of the battery and the electric vehicle. Because of the above reasons, it is not common to have an electric vehicle charged to 100%. It does require a lot more time and it can also be damaging to the battery.
Charging Times Vs Other Electric Vehicles
Electric cars all have different charging times and different battery ranges all depending on how the car was engineered, made, and what type of technology they employ. Generally, these cars do not have huge gaps when comparing them with cars that have similar battery ranges and when they use the same type of charger. When using a fast charger, there are noticeable differences in the minutes it takes to charge a car but not all electric vehicles can use these fast chargers.
With this in mind, these comparisons are between different electric vehicles that use the same or similar chargers and all of these cars have their own unique engineering and technology that can affect them. Below are some electric cars ranges and their charging times using a 150-kilowatt fast charger other than the Jaguar I-pace which uses a 100-kilowatt fast charger.
|Ford Lightning||230-mile range||44 minutes (15% to 80%)|
|Audi e-Tron||235-mile range||30 minutes (0% to 80%)|
|Tesla Model S||238-mile range||1 hour (0% to 80%)|
|Jaguar I-pace||275-mile range||45 minutes (0% to 80%)|
One of the first things to notice is that the car’s range does not directly relate to how long it takes to charge, which we can see by comparing the Ford Lightning and the Jaguar I-pace. Most of these car ranges are similar and in all honesty, the time it takes to charge the cars is not dramatically different, unless you have an important event and can’t wait an extra ten minutes. Most of these charging times could be accomplished if you simply went and had some lunch while you plugged in your car. We also are not comparing every electric Vehicle that is on the market, as some cannot be charged with a 150-kilowatt charger and may take a larger amount of time even with the most powerful charger they can use.
If we really were picky about these times then we could pick out that the Audi e-Tron or the Jaguar I-pace may take first depending on if you desired a slightly larger mile range at the sacrifice of time. The Ford Lightning does not stand above or below the competition when comparing it to other electric vehicles on the market and sets a good even ground for mileage and charging time.