Battery size has become one of the most important parts of electrical vehicles. Their ability to be charged quickly while also having a large capacity is essential for electric vehicles to advance and become a more common technology. Ford is currently working on the F150 Lightning, which is planned to be released sometime in 2022 to those who have pre-ordered the vehicle. Currently, this truck has one of the largest batteries on the market so it can do everything a truck needs to do and more.
How large is the F150 Lightning’s battery? The Ford F150 Lightning has an exceptionally large battery, even for its standard version. The standard model will have a 98 kWh battery with around 230 miles of range. The extended-range model of the truck will have a 131 kWh battery with around 300 miles of range.
Ford had to have such large batteries in the Ford Lightning so it could compete with other gasoline, as well as electric trucks that are on the market or coming into the market. Other large electric vehicle manufacturers are putting even larger batteries in their vehicles, such as GMC with their hummer, and Rivian’s R1T truck, both have slightly larger batteries but their range is only increased by about 20 miles give or take.
All of these vehicles are on the larger end, as the Tesla Model 3 has around an 82 kWh battery. Ford’s focus has not been to create the biggest battery but they have been trying to create a truck that competes with gasoline trucks while also staying at a semi-considerable cost.
Several Different kWh Ratings Of The F150 Lightning Battery
There are two main battery ratings for the new Ford Lightning. The Ford Lightning has the standard range vehicle and their extended-range vehicle, similar to the Mustang Mach-e’s choices. Their battery ratings are not the same, however, the Ford Lightning’s standard battery rating is about the same size as the extended Mustang Mach-e’s battery.
The standard battery is available in different trims, but not the platinum trim as it comes stock with the extended-range battery. The standard battery is expected to have about 230 miles of range that comes from a 98 kWh battery. The extended-range battery is an optional feature that can be purchased when you order a Ford Lightning in any trim level. The extended-range package will give you a 131 kWh battery that is capable of 300 miles of range when fully charged.
These batteries also charge at different speeds depending on what charger you use to charge them. The standard range battery will be faster to charge at lower charging speeds, such as when you use the mobile charger or a Ford Connected Charge Station. For some chargers, such as the Ford Charge Station Pro and DC fast charger, the extended-range battery will actually charge slightly faster. Knowing these charging times will allow you to make the best decision when it comes to charging whatever battery needs to be charged.
|Ford Mobile Charger (32-amps)||Ford Connected Charge Station (48-amps)||Ford Charge Station Pro (80-amps)||DC Fast Charging Station (150 kW)|
|Standard-Range Battery||14 hours||10 hours||10 hours||44 minutes|
|Extended-Range Battery||19 hours||13 hours||8 hours||41 minutes|
Physical Size And Weight Of The F150 Lightning Battery
Sadly, one of the downsides to having such a large battery is a large amount of weight. The Ford Lightning has an average weight of 6,500 pounds. This is nearly 2,000 pounds heavier than an average Ford F150. The battery, by itself, weighs around 1,800 pounds and the extended-range version may weigh even more. By comparison, the engine in an F150 weighs around 450 pounds while the transmission weighs around 215 pounds. The battery alone makes up most of the extra weight in the Ford lightning as the bodies of the gasoline F150 and the Ford lightning are very similar.
This added weight doesn’t do a lot to slow down the truck, however. With a 0 to 60 in the mid-four second range, it can beat almost any stock gasoline or diesel truck currently on the market. It still performs up to their standards, as well with a 2,000-pound payload capacity and a maximum 10,000-pound towing capacity. While carrying, the range that the truck is able to travel will decrease but the vehicle will be able to automatically update its range based on its own estimates.
Sadly at this time, we don’t know how much the range will decrease by, but estimates are that if the maximum towing and payload weights are met, then don’t expect to get much more than 100 miles of range, as a lot of weight on the truck is very detrimental to the power it is able to produce.
What Chemicals Are Used In The Production Of The F150 Lightning Battery?
The Ford F150 Lightning uses a lithium-ion battery for its power source. Lots of different materials and chemicals are used in specific ways in order for the battery to function properly. In the production of the battery, materials such as lithium, graphite, cobalt, and manganese are used to build the battery. These different metals play different roles and are found in the battery in different quantities. If we peeked inside the battery, we would see a slurry-like chemical that has said metals in it which allow the storage and release of energy.
One of the chemicals that can be found in the battery is called the cathode; this is what stores some lithium ions and releases them. There are also electrolytes in the battery which accommodate the moving of lithium ions. The Anode also stores lithium ions and releases them when the battery is being discharged. The different aforementioned chemicals, along with a few others, play these parts in the batteries to make the battery work. The Ford Lightning’s battery is slightly more complicated but that is the basics you need to know of some functions and structure inside of lithium-ion batteries.
The outer covering contains lots of hard plastics as well as aluminum, steel, and different metal alloys to supply protection to the intricate technology inside. Copper can be found throughout the wiring into the battery as well as some other conductive metals. The motors for the Ford Lightning also have metals such as steel, copper, multiple alloys, and even different types of plastics. All of the many different parts play a role in making the vehicle work and run safely for long amounts of time.
Unaccounted chemicals are used in the production of nearly all of the parts in every electric vehicle and there is no true way to track down every chemical used in every step of the project. But without a doubt, there are quite a few cleaners, water, and other abrasive as well as protective chemicals that are used to create electric vehicle batteries
How Does The Lightning Battery Pack Compare To Other Electric Vehicles?
Without a doubt the Ford Lightnings battery pack is large, however, it is not the biggest on the market. Today’s cars are generally being released with larger batteries as they allow for further travel distance, but this only helps up to a certain level as larger batteries generally weigh a lot more. There is a huge variety when it comes to sizes of electric car batteries as some will go less than 100 miles, while others are claiming theirs may reach 400 miles. Below are some more common electric vehicles and their battery sizes.
- Tesla Cybertruck – 200 or 250 kWh
- GMC Hummer EV- 200 kWh
- Rivian R1T- 135 kWh
- Ford F150 Lightning- 98 kWh or 131 kWh
- Tesla Model X- 100 kWh
- Ford Mustang Mach-e- 68 kWh or 88 kWh
- Tesla Model 3- 50 kWh or 82 kWh
- Tesla Model Y- 75 kWh
This is an incomplete list of some electric vehicles that have either been released, in the process of being released or have been announced to be released in the near future. Because almost all of these vehicles are newer, they have much larger batteries than some of the first electric cars, which only had batteries around 32 kWh with only about 100 miles of range. Most of these vehicles are well above 200 miles when it comes to the range, with some pushing past 300 miles when fully charged.
The Ford Lightning is not the champion of battery size, but it does have a considerable size when comparing it to some other electric vehicles. Ford did make the battery larger not only to increase the range of the truck but to also make the truck more versatile as the larger battery allows for a number of different features such as powering tools and other electrical equipment as well as even powering a whole house.
Ford wanted the Lightning to be a real truck and wants it to be able to get any towing or carrying done that a normal truck can do as this is considered that kind of work generally doesn’t fit well with electric vehicles.